Dishwashing soaps and gels significantly speed up the process of cleaning dishes and other utensils. Nevertheless, you need to choose the right household chemicals. Some dish soaps have an aggressive composition.
They can cause allergies and other adverse reactions that have a bad effect on the human body. So, the use of any household chemicals should begin with an examination of the information on the label.
Simple Explanation of PH
We often hear about the pH level of various substances in advertising, in programs about food and health, we see this information on the goods labels. And each manufacturer is trying to prove to us that their pH is the best. Let’s see what mysterious letters p and H mean. It’s simple!
- p is Lat. pondus (weight), in other words, it means “indicator”
- H is a chemical element called «hydrogen»
- Hence, pH is the «hydrogen indicator».
All substances have either an acidic or alkaline environment.
What Is Neutral PH Level?
You also must have heard about a neutral environment. So, pure water is a clear example of a neutral environment. This parameter equals 7. And we use a scale from 0 to 14 to determine the pH level.
- From 0 to 6.5 is the acidic environment. The lower the indicator, the more acidic the substance is.
- From 6.5 to 7.5 is a neutral pH level.
- From 7.5 to 14 — alkaline environment.
PH of Detergents
Soaps, shower gels, and other detergents are made on the basis of alkalis. For example, the hand soap pH is 9.0-10.0. Detergent manufacturers are trying to reduce the pH even not to a neutral environment (6.5-7.5), but to the pH of human skin.
Otherwise, the skin dries up, it becomes allergic and itchy. To restore balance, the body spends a lot of water and microelements.
What is the PH of Dishsoap?
Dish soap pH levels can vary from 3 to 11.5. The pH indicator tells about the acidity of the solution. PH neutral soaps (5.5-8) coincide with the pH of our skin and are harmless to the skin of the hands.
However, it is assumed that when washing dishes, it is better for people to protect their hands with gloves, therefore standards for pH of detergents may go beyond neutral the pH level.
What Is a Neutral PH Cleaner?
Neutral detergents are applied manually or using auxiliary technical means for applying to fresh contaminants. Neutral detergents leave no residue and remove external impurities while giving the surface shine.
The main advantages of neutral pH cleaners:
- environmental safety, biodegradability (without emission of harmful substances);
- ability to regenerate (after sedimentation it can be used repeatedly, up to 2-5 times);
- fire and explosion safety;
- solubility and effectiveness in the water of any hardness;
- lack of phosphates.
PH Level of Laundry Detergent
There are strict regulations regarding the most dangerous substances that are part of detergents, namely phosphates, surfactants, and pH levels of laundry detergents. A high concentration of acid or alkali is dangerous not only for the skin but also for the clothes.
So, phosphates should not exceed 17%, surfactants should be biodegradable for at least 80%.
And with regard to pH, this indicator is adjusted depending on which types of fabric the detergent is meant.
The concentration level of hydrogen ions should be within the range from 7.5 to 11.5. The closer the indicator is to the lower border, the better it is for the clothes and linen as they wear less during washing.
The PH of Various Household Cleaners
To help keep your head from assumptions about how the pH scale is used in cleaning, let’s see what pH level traditional cleaning products have.
Chlorine bleach (pH 11 — 13) is an extremely alkaline product, which makes it fantastic for whitening and stains removing. The position of the bleach pH on the pH scale indicates its corrosion. This means it is great for any solid surface, but you need to have adequate ventilation when using it.
Toilet Cleaner (pH 1 — 3). On the opposite end of the scale, we have toilet cleaners, which are extremely acidic but perfect for destroying minerals and other inorganic abominations that may accumulate in your toilet. Since the product is very acidic, you should use these products with extreme caution.
Soft Dishwashing Liquids (pH 7 — 8). If you use dishwashing detergents marked as soft or pH neutral soaps, it usually means that their pH is just in the middle. And it makes them perfect for daily cleaning. Soft agents will not damage most surfaces, so you may not use any protection when handling neutral acid products.
Ammonia (pH 11 — 12). It is another very alkaline substance. Ammonia is a formidable detergent that can easily cope with removing dirt and soot. Its position on the scale means that it must be used with adequate protective equipment in areas with sufficient ventilation.
Vinegar (pH 3). This cleaning agent is on the opposite end of the pH scale. The acidic properties of vinegar make it ideal for the removal of entrenched mineral deposits, but at the same time, it is a poor choice for some surfaces (in particular, for stone). Vinegar can also cause real harm if you do not take precautionary measures. So protection of face and hands is a must.
What components should neutral cleaning products contain?
- Soda, it is food reagent, softener and pH regulator;
- Sodium citrate or citric acid salt. It is a preserving agent that has an antibacterial substance. It creates a foam and regulates the pH level;
- oxygen bleach, it fights stains;
- enzymes, they fight against protein and fat pollution;
- essential oils if you do not have individual intolerance.
What chemicals to avoid in dishwashing detergents?
When choosing a pH neutral cleaner, you should not forget to check it for the absence of harmful components.
- Phosphates/phosphonates. They have been banned in many countries. These components adversely affect the human body and cause irreparable damage to the environment.
- Synthetic phthalates / flavors. They can lead to endocrine disorders.
- Anionic surfactants. It will be very difficult to wash off the detergent if this component is available in its composition.
- Optical bleach/chlorine. These components lead to heavy allergies.
- Synthetic preserving agents. They are dangerous as they are not excreted in the body, moreover, they adversely affect the endocrine system.
It is best to choose eco-products that are hypoallergenic and biodegradable.
Frequently Asked Questions
Dish soap is a frequently used washing product in any home. However, is it so safe or not? Shall we protect our hands from it? Find out the answers below.
What Is pH of a Dish Soap?
Many of us don’t know what those pH letters mean. In fact, it is the measurement of the hydrogen ions concentration comparing to the concentration of hydroxyl ions. If there is an excess of hydrogen over hydroxyl. we get acid. If vise versa, it is called basic (or alkaline).
In its turn, all the products made of water have their pH with its lowest rate of 1 and the highest rate of 14. Products whose pH is from zero to 6.9 refer to acids, whilst the pH number from 7.1 to 14 shows that we deal with a basic. Accordingly, the pH rate of 7 is neutral.
What Is pH of Dawn Dish Soap?
Dawn is a famous label that produces cleaning products. According to the Materials Safety Data Sheets, the pH level of Dawn dish soap is between 8.7 and 9.3 which makes this washing product moderately basic. In its turn, it means that you don’t need any protection like gloves when you wash dishes with it.
What Is the pH Level of Dish Soap?
For a dish soap, the pH level must be above 7 (9 or 10 is best) as then the product will be more effective to grease. Products with a lower pH level will have less effect and will be more harmful to your skin.